Sitemap, Team Report to the Project Stakeholder Advisory Committee (March 16, 2018), Team Report to the Project Stakeholder Advisory Committee (9/17/2020), Annual Meetings of Professional Societies, Rootstock Session at 47th Tomato Breeders’ Roundtable. The “crop scion” column in each table specifies which crop(s) is a best match for that rootstock. Mahaleb vigorous rootstock. About rootstock and scion compatibility: Rootstocks are specifically developed to be used with a particular crop or crops for best results. compatibility is, ther efore, a critical issue for . If challenged with high winds and anchorage problems, Viking is as good as Peach/Almond hybrid when compared to Nemaguard. One-two times each year, VPSL staff collect information on RS varieties from resources published by companies that develop, market, and/or distribute RSs and/or RS seed. rootstock, and a proliferation of scion sprouts at or just above the graft union. Bella Gold Peacotum. In the tables, where companies use language other than “HR” or “IR” to denote these standard two levels of disease resistance, it has been displayed verbatim from materials they provide. More important, like fruiting varieties selected as scions, RS varieties differ in traits that matter to growers. 5. At the bottom of this article, there is a chart that details some common fruit tree compatibility: Rootstock Compatibility Chart. 4. It's better to graft onto the rootstock itself and to try and establish a family tree though. The purpose of these tables is to provide basic information on RS varieties reported to be available in the U.S. nectarine), European plum (Prunus domestica), plumcot (P. domestica x … Growers often ask which is the ‘best’ apple rootstock. Even varieties rated as resistant can become diseased depending on the plant, environmental conditions, and levels of the pathogen. Please read the introduction and background information below. Rootstock (RS) varieties are available for all six crops, although the number of tomato and watermelon RS varieties currently far exceeds the number available for other crops. The grapefruit, tangerine or other citrus is grafted onto a separate rootstock. Quince is sometimes used as a dwarfing rootstock for pear, but only certain pear cultivars are directly compatible with quince. It is important that growers select root-stocks that are: The physiological implications … The rootstocks 5BB, SO4, and Schwarzmann, due to their moderate resistance, are suitable for many soils supporting only free-living nematodes. A cross of peach, apricot, and plum that has the best qualities of all of its parents. Over time, soil borne pests adapt to resistance mechanisms in rootstocks, which reside in their genes. Similarly, although our long-term goal is to develop a global database of commercially available RS varieties, we currently make no attempt to identify varieties available elsewhere but NOT in the U.S. Decline symptoms include leaf yellowing, leaf drop and, in some groves, tree death. See HERE for an overview of plant diseases and resistance from the ISF and HERE for ISF’s latest update of pathogen codes for vegetable crops. If you are working within a species then that shouldn’t be an issue, mangos will graft just fine on other mangos. The VPSL is responsible for the tables although RS developers, marketers, and distributors are responsible for their content. h�b```f``��������������2.dH��J� They may also be used to overcome vine-yard problems such as drought, excess water, and salinity. Rootstock Scion Compatibility list Showing 1-16 of 16 messages. The replant tolerant Geneva rootstocks (G.11, G.41, G.214, G.935, G.210, G.969, G.890) are much better than the available standards of Bud 9, Mark, M.9 clones, M.26 and the semi-dwarf rootstocks. rootstock graft union below ground Well drained soils; better adapted with interstem-rootstock graft union below ground More tolerant with interstem-rootstock graft union below ground Susceptible as M.27 or M.9 Suckering is a problem; can be reduced by planting interstem-rootstock graft union below ground. The replant tolerant Geneva rootstocks (G.11, G.41, G.214, G.935, G.210, G.969, G.890) are much better than the available standards of Bud 9, Mark, M.9 clones, M.26 and the semi-dwarf rootstocks. The information is general in nature as it represents essentially “average” rootstock behavior across a range of conditions … Rootstock Chart . There are often compatibility issues between species and even different varieties. Some, like cempedak on jackfruit rootstock can work. To obtain information, team members first complete a targeted search of RS companies and varieties included in previous tables, noting changes, as necessary. Mahaleb vigorous rootstock. However, Atlas has the potential for high yields efficiency per canopy size. Pollinator and rootstock chart for apple trees, cherry trees, peach trees, nut trees, other fruit trees, blueberries, raspberries, blackberries and more. Soilborne disease resistance is currently what we know most about regarding RS varieties; therefore, this is how they are most often differentiated, including in these tables. Rootstock: Advantages: Disadvantages: Atlas™ interspecific peach, almond, plum & apricot - rooted cutting. Lemon scions may also increase the susceptibility of the rootstock to gummosis. Peach (Prunus persica) rootstock is compatible with other varieties of peach, nectarine (P. persica var. Regardless, plant disease resistance is complex and is influenced by multiple factors. Peach and plum are closely related within the genus Prunus. There are often compatibility issues between species and even different varieties. Compatibility of mandarins varies with cultivar. The Pyrus ""rootstock"" is used for producing large specimen pear trees. Compatibility unknown under Australian conditions NR Not recommended Lemon Variety Rootstock Compatability Chart Photo by April Winchel An example of incompatibility - overgrowth of the scion Photo by April Winchel Severe rootstock suckering can be a sign of incompatibility This stage requires approximately two months. As the name suggests this rootstock is used exclusively for apricots - it is an apricot seedling so compatibility is very good. General rootstock information sheets are contained at the end of this section. broad compatibility. Further, company representatives may have additional information on specific varieties not included in the tables. We recommend thinking of and using these tables as living documents, interactive master “catalogues” of rootstock varieties, that save you time and effort and, perhaps, prompt important questions the global grafting community will address through research, extension, and teaching. soil, climate, scion compatibility, disease pressure) that … Yield can be variable depending on many factors in the orchard. May depend on nurseries and/or patent holders Colt is roughly comparable to the apple MM111 rootstock. The chip bud can be used with a rootstock of smaller diameter that would be difficult or impossible to T-bud. Many soils also harbor plant parasitic nematodes, which are microsco… 7. 2003 Dwarf Apple Rootstock 2002 Apple (Gala) Rootstock 2002 New Jersey-Massachusetts Cameo 1999 Dwarf Apple (Fuji and McIntosh) Rootstock 1999 Semi-dwarf Apple Rootstock 1998 G.16 Apple Rootstock 1994 Gala Dwarf Apple Rootstock 1994 Gala Semi-dwarf Apple Rootstock 1992-1993 Liberty/CG Apple Rootstock 1990 Apple Systems 1990 Gala Apple Rootstock This is basically a pear seedling and hence is the equivalent of growing a pear tree on its own roots. These plants, however, showe… Swingle citrumelo is a superior rootstock for grapefruit producing high yields of large, excellent quality fruit with high juice content. If I include the hybrids, it would be quite large. All questions about the tables should be directed to Dr. Matt Kleinhenz of the VPSL, kleinhenz.1@osu.edu, phone: 330.263.3810. Adapted from a chart prepared by UC Davis viticulture specialists, faculty and cooperative extension farm advisors. If you are working within a species then that shouldn’t be an issue, mangos will graft just fine on other mangos. For example, interest in variety ‘vigor’ is increasing but little information on it (especially technical or research-based) is publicly available for most varieties. Swingle rootstock produces fruit with high juice and soluble solids content and mid-range acidity. endstream endobj 28 0 obj <> endobj 29 0 obj <> endobj 30 0 obj <>stream Still, to the best of our knowledge, varieties listed in the tables are available to vegetable growers in the U.S. as either seed shipped directly to the farm or a grafted plant supplier. The “crop scion” column in each table specifies which crop(s) is a best match for that rootstock. This is contrary to the chart that shows the grafts on quinces would be incompatible. Varieties vary significantly in rootstock compatibility, pollen compatibility, bloom timing, harvest timing, sensitivity to different pests or diseases, and market acceptance/value. Rootstock: Advantages: Disadvantages: Atlas™ interspecific peach, almond, plum & apricot - rooted cutting. For example the pear cultivars Old Home, Anjou, Comice, Hardy, Gorham, Flemish Beauty and others are all compatible with quince, but the cultivars Bartlett, Bosc, Seckel, Winter Nelis, and others are not (Westwood, 1993). 34 Summary of Regional Rootstock Trials Viking is slightly more vigorous than Nemaguard. Columns are sortable and tables can be exported in multiple formats or printed as a PDF. Rootstocks: protection against phylloxera Grape phylloxera is regarded as the world’s worst grapevine pest. For commercial growers, switching rootstocks can feel like a leap of faith. The primary purpose of rootstocks is protection from soilborne pests. 2007). Unlike most other plum rootstocks it is therefore a true European plum (Prunus domestica) and hence has excellent compatibility as a plum rootstock, whilst also being useful for apricots. Next, the draft tables are sent to company representatives for review, comment, and edits. ��M��4`�c�� ơ��`. The citrus tree you plant in your backyard is not growing on its own roots. Especially good for cultivars with larger fruit sizes; Temple, Nova, Murcott, Orlando tangelo, and grapefruit. Pollinator and rootstock chart for apple trees, cherry trees, peach trees, nut trees, other fruit trees, blueberries, raspberries, blackberries and more. of Horticulture Michigan State University East Lansing, MI 48824 J. M. Clements University of Massachusetts, Amherst 393 Sabin Street Belchertown, MA 01007 Keywords: Malus xdomestica, decision support, rootstock, cultivars, soil, vigor, Compatibility of Rootstock and Scion. Rootstock performance is impacted by water supply, determined by irrigation water availability and climate. Rootstock necrosis often develops. The tables are prepared by the Vegetable Production Systems Laboratory (VPSL) at Ohio State University. Apricots are often grafted on peach or plum rootstocks. D. The common name of the disease or pest and the pathogen code are provided. It is up to you, but my own experiences show that they are very much compatible if … Here is an example of the chart, in case anyone has ideas on how to increase the efficiency of it. h�bbd``b`j�@�q�`�$��@��H�6�� )a>$92012��e`$��ϸ�+@� @� 0 So, logically, this is the first consideration in rootstock selection. A rootstock should be selected based on two primary factors, 1) compatibility with the scion onto which it will be grafted and 2) climatic and environmental conditions of the planting site.